External Reports with CMI Researchers
America's Climate Choices (Summary PDF)
The report finds that the significant risks that climate change poses to human society and the environment provide a strong motivation to move ahead with substantial response efforts. Current efforts of local, state, and private sector actors are important, but not likely to yield progress comparable to what could be achieved with the addition of strong federal policies that establish coherent national goals and incentives, and that promote strong U.S. engagement in international-level response efforts.
Direct Air Capture of CO2 with Chemicals (PDF)
The American Physical Society has produced a technical assessment on the direct air capture of CO2 with chemicals to better inform the scientific community on the technical aspects of removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Robert Socolow served as a co-chair of the DAC study. (Technical References)
Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean
This report asserts that, unless man-made carbon dioxide emissions are substantially curbed or atmospheric carbon dioxide is controlled by some other means, the oceans will continue to become more acidic. Although the long-term consequences are unknown, a federal program under development is a positive move toward understanding and responding to the problem.
Verifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Methods to Support International Climate Agreements
The world's nations are moving toward agreements that will bind us together in an effort to limit future greenhouse gas emissions. With such agreements will come the need for all nations to make accurate estimates of greenhouse gas emissions and to monitor changes over time. In this context, the present book focuses on the greenhouse gases that result from human activities, have long lifetimes in the atmosphere and thus will change global climate for decades to millennia or more, and are currently included in international agreements. The book devotes considerably more space to CO2than to the other gases because CO2 is the largest single contributor to global climate change and is thus the focus of many mitigation efforts. Only data in the public domain were considered because public access and transparency are necessary to build trust in a climate treaty.
Liquid Transportation Fuels from Coal and Biomass: Technological Status, Costs,
and Environmental Impacts: Summary Edition (PDF)
This report evaluates technologies for converting biomass and coal to liquid fuels that are deployable by 2020, estimates the costs and carbon dioxide emissions over the life cycle of those fuels, and estimates their potential. The report also reviews other alternative fuels that would compete with coal-based and biomass-based fuels. (full report)
America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation: Summary Edition (PDF)
This report of the Committee on America's Energy Future addresses a potential new portfolio of energy-supply and end-use technologies - their states of development, costs, implementation barriers, and impacts - both at present and projected over the next two to three decades.
Climate Engineering Responses to Climate Emergencies (PDF)
In a one-week study, the authors of this report conducted a technical review and evaluation of proposed climate engineering concepts that might serve as a rapid palliative response to climate emergency scenarios.